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Public Diplomacy and Soft Power
Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Vol. 616, Public Diplomacy in a Changing World (Mar., 2008), pp. 94-109
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. in association with the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25097996
Page Count: 16
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Soft power, Public diplomacy, Energy resources, Cold wars, Propaganda, Broadcasting, War, International politics, Broadcasting industry, Cultural values
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Soft power is the ability to affect others to obtain the outcomes one wants through attraction rather than coercion or payment. A country's soft power rests on its resources of culture, values, and policies. A smart power strategy combines hard and soft power resources. Public diplomacy has a long history as a means of promoting a country's soft power and was essential in winning the cold war. The current struggle against transnational terrorism is a struggle to win hearts and minds, and the current overreliance on hard power alone is not the path to success. Public diplomacy is an important tool in the arsenal of smart power, but smart public diplomacy requires an understanding of the roles of credibility, self-criticism, and civil society in generating soft power.
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science © 2008 American Academy of Political and Social Science